Overlooking the gorgeous fengshui of the Pearl River weaving her way through Guangzhou into the Pearl river delta, the third longest river in mainland China, my client casually asked if Guangzhou will ever be selected as the capital of China someday in the future? The four most popular ancient capitals of China were Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang and Xian. Were these capitals selected based on fengshui principle? Fengshui is a modern term. Why is Beijing preferred as a capital over Nanjing, Shanghai or Guangzhou?
Since 2008, the Chinese government has planned to link 11 cities in the Pearl River Delta to form a new economic powerhouse that will match leading global bay areas such as Tokyo or New York. Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay area had a combined GDP of US$1.4 trillion in 2016. By 2030, the region’s GDP is expected to reach US$4.6 trillion. With a combined population of 67.95 million, its greater than the Tokyo metropolitan area which is the world’s largest city cluster with a population of 44 million.
Visionary Yijing on Guangzhou land form
With 9 mountain dragons running into the Pearl River delta. The Pearl river enter Guangzhou from the West with 2 other tributaries from the north and east before merging into the Pearl delta in the South east. Its no co-incidence that Guangzhou served as the ancient maritime silk route to the Western world. Foreign merchants from the West and Middle east were trading as early as AD 226 Han dynasty.
During the Tang dynasty (618 – 906 ad), many foreign visitors to China made their first stop in Guangzhou. Trade developed with Arab, Indian and Persian merchants. Islamic population flourished. From the 10th to 12th century, there were records that the large foreign communities including Persian women too.
During 1433, The Ming dynasty banned foreign trade and closes the sea route.
The first Europeans arrived in the early 16th century, with the Portuguese gaining a trade monopoly in 1511.
The Qing dynasty reestablished foreign trade in 1647. The British broke this monopoly in the 17th century, followed by the Dutch and French. After 1760 all foreign trade in China was restricted to Guangzhou. However the hunger for profit sowed the seeds of decline for Guangzhou and eventually all of imperial China. The British, alarmed at their trade deficit, started to import opium through Guangzhou to balance the trade and slowing the flow of silver into Chinese hand caused widespread social problems inside China. Hence the opium war started 1839 – 1842 with the Qing dynasty of China signing the peace treaty of Nanjing ceded the territory of Hong Kong to the British rule on 29th August 1842.
Based on the yijing land form, Guangzhou can be seen as a land of immense competition, succeed well in trade, manufacturing, hi tech industry, banking, human resources, good food and more. The fengshui land form is not stable as a political capital for the nation. Any competent land form reader should be able to distinguish a good fengshui geography between a stable political capital and a dynamic trading city or port.
During the last 2000 years, Guangzhou has only been capital twice.
1. The Nanyue Kingdom (204-111 BC). Nanyue was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of Northern Vietnam and the modern Chinese province of Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan. Nanyue was estabished in 204 BC at the collapse of the Qin dynasty by Zhao Tuo, then commander of Nanhai. Nanyue’s capital was in Guangzhou’s Panyu district. Records in the Mawangdui tomb 3 showed strategic military maps of the Han army against Nanyue, Astronomy was in used as real orbit of planets were being documented and buried in tomb 3. The Han emperor threatened to destroy Zhao Tuo’s ancestor’s grave in China if he refuse to submit to the Han’s authority. Yin fengshui manipulation was already in used since the Han dynasty. There were many bloodsheds and Nanyue finally surrendered to the Hans after 93 years of existence.
2. The Nationalist government of the Republic of China, before 1928, and in 1949 towards the end of the Chinese civil war. Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s campaigns has never been successful with Guangzhou as his capital. He was driven out of mainland China.
Alan Ng – Baguaeyes